Feminist Sociology Theory
The feminist theory is a theoretical perspective that observes gender with regard to power within a given social structure. In general, feminist theories provide various approaches for organizing and evaluating the model for inequality for women. According to Dorothy Smith, Sociology for women guarantees knowledge on social organizations and events directly experienced by women in the world. It is worth noting that the female reality cannot be described without sex stratification assumptions. An appropriate feminist approach to theory focuses on the concept and analytical tools that provide an appropriate answer to the question regarding the experiences of women. It begins with an understanding of women concerning themselves.
Dorothy Smith One of the critical figure who helped of the understanding the Feminist theory. She assisted in pioneering the standpoint of Feminist theory. This theorist was writing during an error when sociology was dominated Positivist methods dominated sociology. Positivism is a belief that sociology should follow scientific practices of natural sciences. However, Smith counters this notion by arguing that there is a need for individuals to acknowledge the need to bring their life experiences together. Smith Used Feminism concept to rethink the methods of social analysis that were available during the 1970s.
Consequently, she found inspiration on how knowledge of women’s sociology relates to practical experiences. Additionally, Smith argued that instead of commencing sociological analysis from the abstract perspective, women’s lives should be examined from their experiences. She observed that the position of women in contemporary society is based on their experiences and dual conscience.
Earlier patriarchal theories do not provide an effective explanation of the development maintenance and oppression of women in different cultures. The Feminist sociology theory can be examined from a feminist perspective and analyze for its potential contributions in comprehending women’s lives. This theory explains the existence of the phenomena, such as women’s inequalities, and why such phenomenon reveals particular processes and properties.
Moreover, Conflict focuses fully on the distribution of power and resources, and the feminist theory focuses on power in its relation to gender. Although Feminist theorists study diverse topics, such as race, sexual orientation, and economic status, the major focus of feminist sociology lies in the idea that in most societies, women have been oppressed, and the patriarchal system has been dominant. Several women, like Harriet Martineau, acknowledge the inequalities between men and women and explore various ways in which the inequalities women face can be addressed. Therefore, feminist sociology focuses on analyzing the factors that contribute to the limitations encountered when they claim the right to equality with men. In addition, Conflict centers completely around the dispersion of force and assets, and the women’s activist hypothesis centers around power in its connection to sexual orientation. Albeit Feminist scholars study assorted subjects, like race, sexual direction, and monetary status, the significant focal point of women’s activist social science lies in the possibility that in many social orders, ladies have been persecuted, and the male centric framework has been predominant. A few ladies, as Harriet Martineau, recognize the imbalances among people and investigate different manners by which the disparities ladies face can be tended to. Subsequently, women’s activist social science centers around examining the variables that add to the limits experienced when they guarantee the privilege to uniformity with men.
During the late 20th century, Feminism waves focused on political inequalities and fought for women’s suffrage. Latter, various feminist movements turned their attention to a wider range of inequalities, such as those found in workplaces, the family, and reproductive rights. Modern feminists dismiss generalization regarding gender and sex and emphasize the within identity (for example, race and gender). For instance, women oppressing due to both gender and race may find themselves in a double bind.
Even though there exist differences between different types of Feminist approaches, there are three attributes common among all the approaches. The first common characteristic is that gender is the main focus of the feminist perspective. Secondly, gender relations are viewed as a challenge due to social inequalities, contradictions and strains. Finally, Gender relations are not rigid and are subject to change and progress.
Feminist Sociology Theory