Smart Home as a Service
Smart Home as a Service
Smart Home as a service is a collection of specialized services that perform input from the smart home sensors. It learns the family’s living pattern and how they use the home, making intelligent decisions to make the homes; more safe, comfortable, and energy-efficient (Park et al., 2018). A Smart Homes as a Service (SHaaS) system includes multiple services that use input from the home sensors.
The SHaaS technology makes use of smart devices which has use intelligence with decision-making capabilities. Smart devices’ network on the system and application analyzes the incoming data and decides to control and activate other devices without the need for human intervention. A network of sensors is employed to measure and monitors the home environment constantly (Kim, Park, & Choi, 2017). The smart sensors collect information about who is at home, where they are at home, and what normal activity they are doing at home on a particular day and time.
The SHaaS service track certain events and behavior patterns in the home and recognizes what is going on in the home. The SHaaS uses intelligence and information learned by the system about residents. It makes decisions about whether to turn on or off the heater, the air conditioner, the lights, its checks whether to lock doors and windows and activate the home’s security system (Park et al., 2018). The system should automatically sense when the family member is streaming a movie on a hot summer night. It should turn off the lights and turn down the air conditioner in the empty parts of the home. The system should identify power-consuming devices that are not in use, such as gaming console and computer, and turn them off using sensors.
SHaaS system reduces wastage of resources from water to power energy by monitoring consumption. The system reduced energy consumption by anticipating the fall of outside temperature during the night. It saves water by monitoring the water supply system for leak and flow issues (Park et al., 2018). The network of devices learns how they live in the home and makes predictions about family behaviors. It gains knowledge of the number of household members, how the rooms are used, and when used. It understands when the members who are working from home and who gets up early. The behavior patterns are absorbed by the SHaaS system and exploited to enhance the convenience and comfort of the home environment (Apthorpe, Reisman, & Feamster, 2017). The home environment is set to be cost-saving and potentially reduce energy consumption.
There are four basic components of the SHaaS system that are meant to work together. These include a network of sensors, a local hub, a central management app. At the same time, the service provider handles subscriptions and software upgrades (Park et al., 2018). The network of sensors in the home works by providing a general indication of the home’s movement, when and where they occur. The sensors also check whether the home is secure and how the prevailing environmental conditions and other issues are collected. The sensors collect information wirelessly connected to the local hub, a gateway that performs the task of securely transmitting to an intelligent cloud service (Hong, Nam, & Kim, 2020). The intelligent cloud service collects the input and analyzes it; whenever changes are detected, the family members are notified by sending alerts.
The central management app allows the consumer, including family members, to manage the network of sensors and cloud service through their smartphones and other web-connected devices in a single user interface. The SHaaS service providers can handle customer support and deal with the service and software upgrades and install any changes to the system. The service provider performs the billing and management of the subscription of the SHaaS service.
The form of network connectivity is mostly wireless for smart home devices within the house. Network connectivity involves wireless connectivity options such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and ZigBee. Wi-Fi offers high bandwidth wireless connectivity for music and video streaming (Park et al., 2018). Bluetooth is a great wireless option that is efficient and low-cost and handles communications for all kinds of low data rate applications varying from wearables, device input, and output. ZigBee is developing wireless options that handle connections of low data rate battery-operated networking applications such as security systems, home sensor networks, and environmental controls.
Vivint Smart Home is a company that delivers smart home products and services that enable the management and protection of their homes and families (Hong, Nam, & Kim, 2020). Vivint Smart Home deals with equipment-financing plans that initially promote the purchase of their equipment and operate a proprietary cloud-based AI platform that operates in processing over 500 million events daily (Hong, Nam, & Kim, 2020). The data on events feeds on the AI engine to assist in learning how the customer can be supported in the management of their homes.
Comfort system is a product of Cytech Technology, including an integration of intruder alarm, home automation controller, voicemail, and intercom, which come in one package. A design and installed Comfort system improves the home by smart home features such as fully automated home cinema room, multi-room music system, audio, video distribution, surveillance monitoring, light control, and access control. The service provider states that the design principles of discrete and manageable technology result in a dramatic and dramatic living space and allows useable control features and an extensive home entertainment system (Hong, Nam, & Kim, 2020). The company highlights that the success of Smart Homes as a Service system is good design and installation using efficient products with a known track record in working together in the creation of a smart home.
According to Apthorpe, Reisman, and Feamster (2017), besides all the success, problems that face Smart Homes as a Service system include privacy exploitation, the high cost of installation and use, and the high dependency on the internet. A smart device recorded a private conversation from a recent incident and sent it to one of the individuals’ employees without the owner’s permission. Privacy issues pose frustrating problems and will raise acceptability debate if not solved and efforts directed towards securing the consumers (Apthorpe, Reisman, & Feamster, 2017). There is also the issue of the system’s complexity that increases dependencies on the professionals where only service providers can handle the specific Smart Homes as a Service system.
In conclusion, Smart Homes, as a Service technology, improves homes by offering 24/7 service of monitoring, tracking, and controlling events inside and outside the home, which is a superb experience. Although some homes might have pre-installed smart technology, whether pre-installed or post-installed, people must consider the safety and privacy before giving total control of their homes to smart devices and applications.
Apthorpe, N., Reisman, D., & Feamster, N. (2017). Closing the blinds: Four strategies for protecting smart home privacy from network observers. arXiv preprint arXiv:1705.06809.
Hong, A., Nam, C., & Kim, S. (2020). What will be the possible barriers to consumers’ adoption of smart home services?. Telecommunications Policy, 44(2), 101867.
Kim, Y., Park, Y., & Choi, J. (2017). A study on the adoption of IoT smart home service: using Value-based Adoption Model. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 28(9-10), 1149-1165.
Park, E., Kim, S., Kim, Y., & Kwon, S. J. (2018). Smart home services as the next mainstream of the ICT industry: determinants of the adoption of smart home services. Universal Access in the Information Society, 17(1), 175-190.