Smart Shopping Using Ubiquitous Computing Information Technology Essay

Ubiquitous Computing or Pervasive Computing is the disgustingth prosper and coming of computing. The proposal after the ubiquitous computing is that it succeed grace the multiply of our lives and succeed be integrated into everyday appearances and activities i.e. computers succeed be everywhere in anything to the degree that the vulgar interact with the computers and succeed referable attributable attributable attributable produce that they are substantially interacting with the computer. There are sundry descriptions that feel been portraitured how to delineate Ubiquitous Computing. Single curiosity-behalfing proposal was fond by Mark Weiser (Founder of Ubiquitous Computing, XEROX PRAC) is that “Our computers should be relish our childhood: an ultimate footing that is promptly neglected referablewithestablished constantly with us, and exertionlessly portraitured throughextinguished our lives.”[1]


Sundry contacts are already being explored and are in exercitation by supermarkets and dispose-of chains such IKEA, METRO, WallMart, H&M coercioneseeing. The contacts portraitured are so as to improve the treasureping proof and to constitute the portraiturer regulative-quality easier during treasureping and to constitute a late method of treasureping by using plans crop fickle treasureping, Appropriateal Treasureping Furtherance PSA in the conceive of PDA or using Construction 2.0 Mashups coercioneseeing. Equal with full these technologies they feel tranquil a corpulente of limitations and that is why they are referable attributable attributable attributable very spiritless unordered the portraiturers [3].

This dissertation considers the possibilities and implications of using Ubiquitous Computer to dissect the mannerer furtherance categorys that drawingates a broader scene of the treasureping rule and developedizing categorys that furtherance the curiosity-behalf of the portraiturer and consider their behaviour and restrainces [3].

2.1 Crop Scenario:

We can admit the crop of an contact which is wontedly portraitured by H&M as shown in the Aspect1 beneath.

Figure1. H&M Fashion Studio Contact


Their contact portraitures the Construction 2.0 Mashups Technology and fullowing portraiturers to appropriate incongruous sign of vesture and bearingories and besides fullow them to appropriate a concatenate of seconded models. The erudition age of this contact is very short and comfortable to imply and he/she can do incongruous peel of experiments what he shortnesss to groove extraneously having to examine and arclass the vesture in developed. This contact is besides very secondful coercion term-honored appropriate as they can amply choice a diversity of choices and can bribe the single which they relish.

2.2 Category Diagram

Figure2 Overfull Category Diagram

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As we can attpurpose from the Aspect2 that the portraiturer shortness to bearing the constructionsite and apppurpose the labor/ace in the treasureping cart and unintermittently that dsingle he singly shortness to constant coercion it through the internet using a arrest gatemethod and it succeed be instantly transmited to his/her residence.

2.3 Wholes

There are some limitations of this contact. The portraiturer can singly portraiture a drawingated concatenate of aces and bearingories and he/she canreferable attributable feel the developed proof of the ace he/she is curiosity-behalfed to bribe. Besides it depends on the treasureper physique i.e. if he/she is corpulent or rawboned or according to his/her exaltation, succeed the ace succeed second him/her or referable attributable attributable.


Ubiquitous Computing is the odd technology bound which is exploring incongruous methods to fullow piercing plans to capacity extraneously portraiturer exertion and awareness. Ubiquitous categorys are intended to availabe and unsettled from anywhere. By combining incongruous plans e.g.fickle plans with Ubiquitous Computing coercion treasureping drawingates a odd method of doing treasureping type and proffers Piercing Environment which fullows portraiturers to treasure cleverly and intuitively and yield a seamshort treasureping proof extraneously any restrainced exertion.

3.1 Drawing Capabilitys

In regulate to deploy Ubiquitous Computing Contact to constitute a Piercing Treasureping Environment. The category shortness to feel the aftercited capforce as shown in the Table 1.

Contact Capabilitys

Drawing Principles


The contact should yield an comfortable interface

The erudition age of the interface should be minimum



The contact demonstrate the sameness of the portraiturer


The contact identifies and flaunt referable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributableice when the labor feel appropriate proffer


The contact demonstrate the wonted colony of the portraiturer so as to yield appenditional perceiveledge environing the extinguishedside


The contact identifies the existent interruption of the portraiturer treasureping cart


The contact demonstrate the portraiturer restraince concatenateed to particular incident (e.g. the portraiturer is a vegetarian)

Automated Capture and Bearing

The contact reminds the portraiturer coercion the treasureping schedule and logs the aces restrainfeiture by the portraiturer

The contact should yield solitude mechanism

Table 1 Drawing capabilitys coercion the Ubiquitous computing contact coercion making a Piercing Treasureping Environment.

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3.1.1 Interfaces – Haptic Inteface

There are basically couple signs of interfaces in Ubiquitous computing i.e. Haptic Interface and Multimodel Interface. In most Ubicom contacts Haptic Interface is portraitured, Multimodel Interface is multifarious and there is tranquil ongoing elimination and crop labor going with it.

Haptic Interface drawingates the portraiturer interface to the plans that enables touch-installed intercarelessness with the digital environments. It has couple senior rudiments i.e. material and kinaesthetic. Material sensing is portraitured to exasperate the extinguishedward demeanor of the portraiturer substantiality suitableness the Kinaesthetic is portraitured coercion the advance and position awareness. Haptic Interface fullows the coerciunintermittently feedpurpose restrains, which is portraitured in the gaming indusexamine so as to yield a substantial interface to the portraiturer. Aspect3 drawingate the overfull laboring run of Haptic Interface.

Fig. 3: Haptic interface perceiveledge run[x1]

The interface should be intended in such a method that it should original and developed to the portraiturer and erudition age is as abundantly short as approvely so that portraiturer can portraiture it amply.

3.1.2 Matter Awareness

Matter Awareness is basically portraitured to guard details of the portraiturer and its extinguishedside, As showing in aspect4 that it is installed on the portraiturer restrainces relish who, what, where, when, why. Full these peel of restraince are discovered from plans e.g. sensors, tags, discoverors coercioneseeing.

If we admit the completeot the matter awareness in the predicament of treasureping mfull environment then we shortness to feel the aftercited stipulations i.e. The contact in the mfull must demonstrate the portraiturer so as to yield appropriatealized labors. It should demonstrate the portraiturer colony so that it can concede perceiveledge environing the aces fixd at that colony. Besides it should demonstrate to aces the portraiturer is arrangeting in his treasureping basket and besides demonstrate the existent interruption to portraiturer treasureping cart.

3.1.3 Automated Capture and Bearing

The contact must hold a basisbase of the restrainces manufactured by the portraiturer and haunt trail of full the perceiveledge and archives their uniformity regulative-quality. Besides the contact shortnesss to be intended on which a portraiturer can commission and yield his/her details which halt referable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable attributable-common from other portraiturers.

We succeed now sift-canvass some of the Ubiquitous computing plans and contacts which are portraiturer in supermarkets and treasureping mfull as required according to the stipulations and scenario.

4 PAM (Pervasive Regulative-quality Directr)

4.1 Introduction

PAM (Pervasive Regulative-quality Directr) is a plan that is portraitured coercion the intercarelessness between the portraiturer and the piercing e-commerce environment. PAM drawing is installed on the p-commerce category erection which consists on e-commerce servers and sensors fix in the provision. The overfull proposal of p-commerce is that portraiturers are fullowed to treasure from anywhere at anyage and guard the best determination efficiently. PAM labors as a bridging plan between the visible and substantial treasureping and is intended to labor in a Ubiquitous environment. It habitualally collects the basis from the sensors, directs portraiturer matter and concatenate to the servers on the internet, guardting updated perceiveledge and then executes portraiturer determinations. PAM is portraiturer-centric i.e. It constantly examine to meet the best purpose works to the portraiturer coercion the labor the portraiturer particularally looking coercion.

4.2 Category Erection

Aspect 4

In Aspect4 the basic PAM erection is shown. There are disgusting ocean rudiments which are delineated beneath.

Matter Directr (CM)

The matter manger directs the portraiturer matter such as the colony of the portraiturer at which provision, the age he/she elapsed there and the truth of it, the portraiturer’s appropriateal perceiveledge. Plans relish sensors and readers are portraitured to disshelter the portraiturer’s influence and portraiturer can interact by using the interface in the PAM so as to interact with the category.

Appearance Directr (OM)

The Appearance Directr is portraitured to direct the labor schedules. When the portraiturer shortnesss to guard some perceiveledge environing some labor coercion e.g. reviews environing it and its versions and appraisement, The OM guard this the perceiveledge from the portraiturer and then concatenates to the e-commerce server, The e-commerce server can guard the updated perceiveledge from the Internet if referable attributable attributable attributable it’s referable attributable attributable attributable ground on the server. When it guards the perceiveledge environing it then OM succeed clarify extinguished according to the portraiturer capforce and then succeed preserve that into its basisbase. After that the best approvely works succeed be shown to the portraiturer.

Line Directr (PM)

The Line Directr is portraitured to tpurpose portraiturer’s appropriateal perceiveledge. It besides tends the portraiturer mannerized elucidation as polite which are preserved by the PAM portraiturer. PAM has coercionce to impede the matter truth of the portraiturer and referable attributable attributableify portraiturer to update the elucidations habitualally which constitute PAM clever and portraiturer sociable.

Labor Directr (SM)

Labor Directr is the ocean kernel rudiment of PAM. It generates recommendations in PAM to further portraiturer to guard best approvely work and shelter full the ocean parameters such as consume, concatenate, appraisement, availforce coercioneseeing. which second them to constitute the best determination.

4.3 Crop Scenario

Aspect 5 P-Mfull Erection

We succeed admit an crop scenario to drawingate the PAM coercion a p-commerce category. Aspect 5 shows the erection of a P-Mfull environment in which we feel sundry piercing provision in the mfull and there is a ocean server i.e. P-Mfull Server. Each provision portraitures some sensors and feel basisbase to provision the perceiveledge environing the commodities they feel and full portraitures the RFID tags coercion each commodities appraisement, perceiveledge, nature coercioneseeing. Full the provisions are concatenateed to a P-Mfull Server and sent their perceiveledge to it. The P-Mfull Server perceive the colony of each provision, they concatenate of commodities they feel and the wonted activities ongoing with them. Treasurepers portraiture PAM to interact with sensors and the server to guard the perceiveledge.

The treasureper went to the P-Mfull and when he enters the sensor disshelter the treasureper influence and begin to interact with his/her PAM and judge him environing any appropriate incident prproffer seconded.

The treasureper portraitures the PAM to meet video diversions, The PAM interacts with the P-Mfull Server and concede him the perceiveledge to go to provision A. The treasureper went to provision A. and meet sundry video diversions and begined to attpurpose incongruous seconded diversions. The PAM referable attributable attributableices that the treasureper is over curiosity-behalfed in signalize diversions as the treasureper is tenure it over than 30 seconds. The PAM RFID tag of it and it concatenates to the P-Mfull Server which yields over updated perceiveledge environing it from the internet and transmit purpose to the treasureper PAM. The treasureper shortnesss to attpurpose some palliateshots and demo contract of the diversion. The PAM flaunts the palliate shots and course the demo contract as PAM has already downloaded the perceiveledge anteriorly. Finally the treasureper determined to bribe it and he constant coercion it from the e-account provisiond on PAM and email is besides sent environing the diversion and full other perceiveledge environing it.

5 Cisco Substantial Treasureping

5.1 Introduction

Recently Cisco has introduced a very odd method of doing treasureping they cfull it Substantial Treasureping using Bordershort networking. They feel portraitured very clever plans coercion it which combines substantial and augmented developedity conjointly. Bordershort netinstituted can be drawingated as seamshort netlabor concatenateivity extraneously any word and portraiturer to concatenate to a labor from anywhere at anyage in a arrest method and guard violent purpose work in stipulations of fruit.

5.2 Category Erection

Aspect Category Erection of Bordershort Network

Aspect shows the basic erection of bordershort network. There are three ocean rudiments of the erection i.e. Purpose Portraiturer Labors, Netlabor Labors and Netlabor Categorys.

5.2.1 Purpose Portraiturer Labors:

It yields labors to purpose portraiturers to the plans they interact with in a arrest, trustworthy and seamshort method. The portraiturer singly interacts with the interface extraneously any shortness of technical perceiveledge which yields refreshment of flexibility.

5.2.1 Netlabor Labors:

It yields the regulative netlabor labors which are delineated beneath

Mobility: to transmit seamshort wireshort bearing and besides yields discoverion, colony, category of the wireshort interfaces.

Motive Directment: To direct and restrain the capforce of motive shortnessed by plan and impoverish the consume.

Security: to yield violent equalize carelessness and drawingate policies coercion each separate.

Contact Fruit: To yield reform press and increased availforce of the contact coercion reform exercitation.

Multimedia Optimization: optimized the fruit of multimedia plans to improve the portraiturer proof.

5.2.1 Netlabor Categorys:

It yields the ocean purposepurpose labors from the servers such as outshine labor, construction labor.

5.3 Crop Scenario:

As you can attpurpose in the aspect that there is msecond which is established in face of a ponder, That is referable attributable attributable attributable an wonted ponder it is a peel of a enchantment ponder and sundry Ubicomp plans (readers, sensors, discoverors coercioneseeing.) are integrated internally it. Now it primeval partition the appearance established in face of it and scans its substantiality physique. After that it shows a diversity of aces seconded in the provision. The portraiturer singly shortness to equitable advance his/her laborer in the motive extraneously equal moving the palliate and then he/she can gather the desired clothing and can attpurpose how its going to looked on him/her. He can equal appropriate incongruous colors, drawings and other bearingories with it. Unintermittently the portraiturer has determined then he/she singly shortnesss to judge the provision sales appropriate and then the sales appropriate singly shortness to be-mixed the RFID Tag with the RFID Reader to constitute its constantment sanction and then amply transmited to the portraiturer extraneously any whole. Cisco has portraitured Bordershort netinstituted with it which is tranquil very odd abundantly ongoing labor is tranquil going on it and they succeed commonally introduced it on 17 March 2011 during an representation.

5 iGrocer

5.1 Introduction

iGrocer is a fickle contact which is intended coercion the odd period piercing fickle phones. It has a piercing grocery treasureping furtherant which is installed on the portraiturer’s sustentation’s line which is very secondful coercion term-honored appropriates which second and counsel them on what labors they shortness to bribe according to their sustentation criteria and appraisement constraints. The labor suggestions made by iGrocer is installed according to the portraiturer heartiness line and manner perceiveledge. iGrocer is installed on the client-substitution server erection and portraitures wireshort netinstituted to spurpose wireshort basis packets to the netlabor server to guard purpose the perceiveledge.

iGrocer has some very dignified characteristics such as Sustentation Line which fullows portraiturer to appropriate aces according to his/her medical stipulations.

Sustentation Line: iGrocer fullows portraiturer to appropriate aces according to his/her medical stipulations as shown in aspect.

Aspect Sustentation Line Directr

Hope Schedule: iGrocer has a hope schedule characteristic which can be portraitured progeny to bribe aces they shortness to. iGrocer recognizes it and then yield reform sustentations coercion the progeny and impede the best seconded appraisement coercion it. This characteristic is secondful to ground progeny environing the sustentation grounds and to constitute heartinessy choices coercion them.

Apppurpose by Recepie: iGrocer has the characteristic to choice aces according to the recepie drawingated by portraiturer so as to preserve age and arranged the portraiturer treasureping shortnesss. Aspect shows the choiceion of aces by recepie.

Aspect Choiceing aces by recipe

This referable attributable attributable attributable singly preserves age referablewithestablished besides second portraiturer to by aces with demandless calories.

Personalize Categories: iGrocer concedes the coercionce to mannerize the labor schedule installed on portraiturer treasureping conduct as shown in aspect.

Aspect appropriatealizing the categories

iGrocer besides yield a reckon of appenditional characteristics such as piercing treasureping schedule i.e. directs the treasureping schedule and in meeting and providing the best seconded labors according to the treasureping schedule. It besides has a map which is portraitured to meet the undeviating provision or labor from the portraiturer wonted colony. It has the labor of automated impedeextinguished which fullows term-honored appropriate to referable attributable attributable attributable continue in queue.

5.2 Category Erection

Aspect Category Erection

Aspect shows the category erection of iGrocer. It has basically the client-substitution server architecure with the substitution/host server that laborerles full the communications. The portraiturer creates his/her line from the iGrocer constructionsite or instantly from the phsingle client which is sent to the substitution server and it preserve the perceiveledge in the basisbase such as line, ace schedules, truth and expenses coercioneseeing. When the portraiturer login to the iGrocer it concatenates to the substitution server and guard the updated perceiveledge from the basisbase. The substitution server question the sustentation basisbase via Construction Labor and guard the perceiveledge environing labor and sustentation in it and concede the purpose work to the portraiturer according to the portraiturer heartiness line and appraisement constraints.



MyGrocer is an innovative perceiveledge category which portraitures wireshort technologies (e.g. WLAN, Wifi, Bluetooth) and habitual labor identification (e.g. RFID tags) which aimed to improve the proof of the treasureper in a supermarket. The treasureping cart is equipped with a Tablet plan which scans the RFID tags of the labors. MyGrocer capacityality can be delineated into three scenarios i.e. in-provision scenario, on-the-advance scenario and piercing-residence scenario. Here we succeed sift-canvass environing the in-store-scenario.

In Provision Scenario

When the mannerer enters into the provision he/she logs in to the MyGrocer through the treasureping cart. Unintermittently the portraiturer is logged in, the category identifies the portraiturer and yields him the labors and flaunt the treasureping schedule to the treasureping cart’s flaunt palliate. The mannerer choices labors from the schedule and it into the cart. The RFID reader in the treasureping cart scans the tag and guard the appraisement and other perceiveledge environing it and periodically update portraiturer treasureping schedule. During the impede-extinguished the treasureping cart sent the billing perceiveledge to abandon and constantment is dsingle extraneously feel to continue in the queue.

Category Erection

Aspect Category Erection

Aspect shows the overfull category erection of MyGrocer.

The dispose-ofer purposepurpose category is concatenateed to the Contact Server. The contact server is portraitured to yield bearing labor to the carts which includes portraiturer sessions, colony trailing, caching coercioneseeing. The Contact Server is concatenateed to the Resigned Transformation Server (CTS). There is a firewfull fixd between the Contact Server and the CTS to yield carelessness and portraiture the SOAP Construction Labor which spurpose and take in XML conceiveat which is twain arrest and wild. CTS then change the basis in from XML to HTML conceiveat and sent it to the face purpose servers (Construction Server, WAP Entrance).

The residence pc portraiturers concatenate to the construction server using the internet suitableness the piercing treasureping cart portraitures wireshort netlabor technology to concatenate to the construction server. The fickle (on-the-method clients) portraiturers portraiture the WAP Gatemethod (coercion transmission of the resigned in WML-enabled wireshort plans).


In this dissertation, we consider environing the ubiquitous computing and he we can portraiture it in a treasureping mall. Although we attpurpose that this can adduce a corpulente of refreshment to the portraiturers who are treasureping in a mfull or at a supermarket, Referablewithestablished there are tranquil some limitations in this technology imputable to which it is referable attributable attributable attributable very spiritless everywhere. Single of the explanation issues is the solitude and security of the portraiturer perceiveledge. As we attpurpose that the clever plans are portraitured in this technology that shortness portraiturer basis and perceiveledge and sundry portraiturers don’t relish divide their appropriateal perceiveledge in common and if they got the portraiturer perceiveledge then what are the guarantees that basis succeed referable attributable attributable attributable be commonally unsettled. Besides plans are consumely portraitured in this technology and fruit dissimilate as their consume dissimilate imputable to which on sundry situations this technology are referable attributable attributable attributable portraitured equal they are a faultless breach coercion a very occupied treasureping market.

Coming Labor

Currently sundry eliminationers were laboring in this arena to constitute it seconded to everyone. Besides sundry computer elimination companies coercion e.g. PARC is laboring on the solitude and security of the portraiturer basis to constitute it arrest by using sinewy encryption algorithm so as referable attributable attributable attributable fullowing portraiturer basis to be bearinged commonally[1]. Besides companies relish Hp and Phidgets Inc. providing plans such as RFID Tags and other clever plans which are easier to program and portraiture in a developed age environment which are commercially seconded [2].



[1] PARC

[2] Phidgets, Inc. April. 2006.

[3] Cisco Categorys Inc., Bordershort Netlabor Proof, March 17, 2011

[1]. Mark Weiser. “The cosmos-people is referable attributable attributable attributable a desktop”. Interactions; January 1994; pp. 7-8. Mark Weiser. Ubiquitous Computing Residence Page (Xerox PARC)

[2]. Dellarocas, C.; The Impact of Online Opinion Coercionums on Competition and Marketing Strategies, MIT Sloan School of Directment Laboring Dissertation, [email protected]

[3]. Jasminko, Novak.; Ubiquitous Computing and Socially-Aware Consumer-

Assistance Categorys in the Augmented Supermarket, Fraunnhofer IMK.MARS, Schloss Birlinghoven, D-53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, [email protected]

Kwei-Jay Lin, Tao Yu and Chia-Yen Shih.; The Drawing of A Appropriateal and Clever Pervasive-Commerce Category Erection, Department of EECS, University of California, Irvin, Irvine, CA 92697-2625, USA klin,tyu1,[email protected]